Top 10 Most Important Historical Facts About Cairo, Egypt
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Top 10 Most Important Historical Facts About Cairo, Egypt

The literal meaning for Cairo in Arabic is “the conqueror”. Cairo, the city of a Thousand Minarets is the capital of Egypt. Being the largest city in Africa and the Arab world, Cairo is popular for its culture and ancient world wonders. Here are the most important historical facts about Cairo, Egypt.

Cairo was founded in 969 A.D. by the Fatimid dynasty, which is renowned for its Islamic architecture in the world.  The literal meaning for Cairo in Arabic is “the conqueror”.  Cairo, the city of a Thousand Minarets is the capital of Egypt. Being the largest city in Africa and the Arab world, Cairo is popular for its culture and ancient world wonders.

Here are the most important historical facts about Cairo, Egypt.

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  1. Babylon Fortress which was an antique castle located in the Coptic Cairo, was a part of old Cairo. It was the oldest ancient monument that separates Lower Egypt from middle Egypt. Though the fort was first built in the sixth century BC by the Persians near the Nile River, it was relocated to its present location by the Roman Emperor Trajan (98 to 117 A.D).
  2. Al-Azhar Mosque, the first mosque in Cairo, was built in 972 A.D., which was the origin for the city to be nicknamed as the city of thousand minarets.
  3. Al-Azhar Mosque was slowly developed into University in 975 A.D. It is the world’s second oldest university which is popular for the study of Islamic law, Sunny theology and Sharia. World’s oldest university is the University of Al-Karaouine situated in Fes, Morocco, established in 859  A.D.
  4. Cairo had housed the Arab League during most of its existence.
  5. The Hanging Church is one of the largest and oldest Christian churches in Cairo which was built in Basilican style in 3rd or 4th century A.D.
  6. Cairo marked the largest city west of China by 1340 with a population of approximately half a million.
  7. Cairo was hit by plague, one of the most shattering pandemics, for more than fifty times during 1348 and 1517 due to which the population had been reduced to approximately 300,000. The mishap is termed as Black Death and was caused by a bacterium carried by oriental rat fleas that live on the black rats.
  8. Cairo has been a birth place to many famous people like Naguib Mahfouz, novelist and Nobel laureate in 1988.
  9. Cairo had been a hub for many civilizations including Pharaohs, Greeks, Romans, Arabs and Babylonians.

10.  The only remainder of the seven ancient Wonders of the World, the pyramids of Giza, is situated in the outskirts of Cairo. Not only many great historical monuments and ancient museums exist in Cairo but also the great Sphinx and ancient cities like Giza, Memphis and Fustat are situated near it.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cairo

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Comments (9)

Nice historical account of Cairo, Egypt.Thanks.

Very impressive work and the information are really encouraging for more research. Just for your note, Al-Azhar is not the first mosque to be built in Egypt, but "Amr Bin Aas" mosque, built in 642, Yet Al-Azhar mosque was the first to be built in the newly established Cairo by the General Gawher Al-Saqaly. Thanks for the interesting and insightful article.

Interesting info on Al-Azhar in Egypt. Good info on Cairo. Thank you dear Valli. Voted.

Sounds so lovely and for the pyramids and sphinx to have survived is a tribute to the laborers who had to sacrifice so much for lasting beauty. Voted!

Sound attractive! I may visit there if I got a chance one day....

good job and very good article... this one is tweeted!

You have made this article so interesting with your detail.Thank you.

How interesting. Nice read.

What a neat article

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