On This Day in History: January 1, New Year's Day
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On This Day in History: January 1, New Year's Day

For many of us, New YearÂ’s Day is a day of basking in the afterglow of the previous nightÂ’s revelry (or simply recovering), looking hopefully ahead to the days and months to come, and reflecting on another year past. ItÂ’s sometimes easy to forget that many significant events have taken on the first day of the year that bear reminding.

For many of us, New Year’s Day is a day of basking in the afterglow of the previous night’s revelry (or simply recovering), looking hopefully ahead to the days and months to come, and reflecting on another year past.  It’s sometimes easy to forget that many significant events have taken on the first day of the year that bear reminding.

Here are some of the many recorded in history’s annals.

· 45 BCE: The Julian calendar takes effect for the first (but not the last) time.

· 404 CE: The last known gladiatorial competition in Rome takes place.

· 630: The Prophet Muhammad sets out for Mecca with the army that will capture it without blood shed.

· 1449: Lorenzo de’ Medici, Italian statesman is born.

· 1515: Death of King Louis XII of France.

· 1600: Scotland moves its numbered year to January 1 from March 25.

· 1673: Regular mail service in the US begins between New York and Boston.

· 1735: Paul Revere, American patriot is born.

· 1752: Betsy Ross, famed American seamstress is born.

· 1772: The first traveler’s cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London.

· 1782: Death of Johann Christian Bach, German composer.

· 1788: First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, goes on sale.

· 1797: Albany replaces Kingston as the capital of New York State.

· 1801: The legislative union of the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland is finalized to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

· 1804: French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black republic and first independent country in the West Indies.

· 1808: The importation of slaves into the United States is banned.

· 1847: The world's first "Mercy" Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh by the Sisters of Mercy, the name that will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world.

· 1863: American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.

· 1890: The first Tournament of Roses Parade is held in Pasadena, California.

· 1892: Ellis Island opens to begin processing immigrants into the United States.

· 1895: J. Edgar Hoover, American FBI director is born.

· 1898: New York City annexes the boroughs of Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx, creating the City of Greater New York.

· 1899: Spanish rule ends in Cuba.

· 1901: The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia federate to form the Commonwealth of Australia.

· 1908: For the first time, a ball is dropped at midnight in New York City’s Times Square to signify the start of the New Year.

· 1912: The Republic of China is established.

· 1919: J. D. Salinger, American novelist is born.

· 1925: American astronomer Edwin Hubble announces the discovery of galaxies beyond the Milky Way.

· 1934: Alcatraz Island becomes a United States federal prison.

· 1934: Nazi Germany passes the “Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring.”

· 1937: Windshield safety glass becomes mandatory in Great Britain.

· 1939: William Hewlett and David Packard found the Hewlett-Packard Corporation.

· 1942: The Declaration by the United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.

· 1946: The first civil flight from Heathrow Airport takes place.

· 1947: The American and British occupation zones in Germany merge to form the Bizone--later becoming the Federal Republic of Germany.

· 1953: Death of Hank Williams, American country singer.

· 1954: NBC television network makes the first coast-to-coast color broadcast when it telecast the Tournament of Roses Parade, with public demonstrations given across the United States on the new prototype color receivers.

· 1959: Cultivars of plants named after this date must be named in a modern language--not in Latin.

· 1959: Cuban President Fulgencio Batista is overthrown by Fidel Castro’s forces during the Cuban Revolution.

· 1959: Abdul Ahad Momand, Afghan cosmonaut is born.

· 1962: The elite forces unit the United States Navy SEALs is established.

· 1965: The People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan is established in Kabul.

· 1971: Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.

· 1979: Formal diplomatic relations are established between the People’s Republic of China and the United States.

· 1983: ARPANET, The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, effectively creating the Internet.

· 1985: The Internet’s Domain Name System is created.

· 1985: The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone.

· 1988: The Evangelical Lutheran Church of America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.

· 1990: David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City’s first black mayor.

· 1993: Dissolution of Czechoslovakia; Czechoslovakia divided into the Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic.

· 1995: The World Trade Organization comes into effect.

· 1997: Ghanaian diplomat Kofi Annan is appointed Secretary General of the United Nations.

· 1999: The Euro currency is introduced.

· 2000: As the world celebrates (with many holding their breath), no major crisis occues from the dreaded Y2K computer “millennium bug.”

· 2002: Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization as Chinese Taipei, joining 20 other official languages.

· 2005: Death of Shirley Chisholm, American politician.

· 2008: A New Hampshire law legalizing civil unions for same-sex couples becomes effective.

· 2012:  Rio Negro, Argentine Governor Carlos Soria dies of shot to head.

(Note: With no disrespect or cultural prejudice intended, while I have attempted to provide a fair cross-cultural representation of historic events, I am guilty of choosing those events with which I am familiar.)

References:

http://listverse.com/2008/12/31/25-significant-historic-events-on-new-years-day/

"On This Day," History Channel.com

A History of New Years, retrieved 12/11/11, simpletoremember.com/articles/a/newyearshistory

 Thumb via : Wes Fessler @ http://www.familyfunshop.com/imagesnewyeararchie1highres400px.jpg

Images via Wikipedia.org unless otherwise credited

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Comments (19)

very interesting and important events in history

Thank you. I hope you were informed and entertained.

Quite interesting episodes on this day in History.Thanks for sharing.

My pleasure!

Great list of events

Thanks, Carol.

Great interesting events on January one, a blessed New Year to you James!

Thank you kindly, Ron. Same wishes to you and yours!

A wonderful walk back through history, thanks James excellent article and presentation...voted

Very entertaining snapshots of history. I didn't know Hank Williams died on New Year's Day

Thanks, Francina and Michael. Hope I was able to provide a little insight and perspective.

Interesting facts, my husbands birthday is New years day!

Maybe some day he'll make the list!

Love articles like this with little known facts. Happy New Year!

Season's greetings to you, Sandy!

I simply like and enjoy your articles and insights...Thanks Sir

That greatly pleases me, my friend!

Sorry I'm already out of votes for today, but I +1ed this great article, thanks! : D

Thanks, Bethany!

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