Gods and Goddesses of the Aztecs, the Incas and the Mayans
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Gods and Goddesses of the Aztecs, the Incas and the Mayans

Notable gods and goddesses of the Aztecs, Incas and Mayans.

The Aztecs, Incas and Mayans were among the first inhabitants of Americas. Like many ancient civilizations that existed in the world like the Egyptians, Sumerians, Greeks, Romans and others have their own list of deities that they worshipped. Like the Romans and the Greeks, the Aztecs worshipped so many gods and goddesses.

Here’s a list of the most notable gods and goddesses that the Mayan, Aztec and Inca people in ancient America worshipped.

Aztec gods and goddesses…

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Ometecuhtli, which means “dual lord”, is the god creator of the Aztecs.

Xipe Totec

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Xipe Totec, “flayed lord”, is the god of vegetation, torture and sacrifice.


Tlaloc, which means “growth-maker”, is the Aztecs’ god of rain and fertility.


Tezcatlipoca, “lord of the smoking mirror”, is the god of night sky.


Qpetzalcoatl, which means “feathered serpent”, is the god of twins and learning.


Huitzilopochtli, “hummingbird of the south”, is their god of sun and war.


Coatlicue, “lady of the serpent skirt”, is the goddess of earth of the Aztecs.


Xochiquetzal is the goddess of love, beauty, flowers, young mothers, female sexuality, pleasure, prostitutes, craft and weaving.


Acolmiztli is a god of the underworld.


Yactecuhtli is the god of merchants and travelers of the Aztecs.

Inca gods and goddesses…

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Inti is the supreme god of the Incas. He is also regarded as god of the sun and the patron deity of the Inca Empire.


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Viracocha is Incas’ great creator god. He is seen as the creator of all things like the universe, moon, sun and stars.


Illapu is the Incas’ god of weather.


Cuichu is the god of rainbow of the Incas.

Paca Mama

Paca Mama is the earth mother.

Mama Kilya

Mama Kilya is their goddess of the moon.

Mama Qoca

Mama Qoca is the sea mother.

Mayan gods and goddesses…

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Itzamna is the ruler of heaven and of the other gods and thought to be residing in the sky.

Kinich Ahau

Kinich Ahau is the god of sun and considered an aspect of Itzamna.


Kukulcan is the god of learning and crafts. He is also called the “feathered serpent”.

Ah Puch

Ah Puch is the god of death and destruction. He brought disease and war.


Cizin is the god of death and oftentimes link with earthquakes.


K is the Mayans’ god of lightning.


Chac is the god of rain.


Hun-Hunahpu is the Mayan’s god of maize and vegetation.


Ixchel is the goddess of fertility, pregnancy and childbirth.

Hunahpu and Xbalanque

They are regarded as the Maya hero twins. Hunahpu and Xbalanque were the twin sons of Hun-hunahpu who tricked the lords of the underworld.

See also

Historical Facts About the Incas


Interesting Facts About the Aztecs


Interesting Facts About Machu Picchu


Interesting Facts About Roman God Jupiter


70 Lesser Known Greek Gods and Goddesses



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Comments (6)

Great work. Kukulcan is a fascinating figure.

Great article Nobert, thank you.

A great introduction to the gods and goddesses of these people.

Good stuff. Blogged one recently on the Mayan goddess Teotihuacan, Spider Woman depicted on murals fund in 1942 in the Tepantitla compound. There are two nearly identical murals at this site, separated by a doorway, that illustrate the Spider Woman. She stands with outstretched arms between two smaller female attendants and in front of two tall, interwoven vines filled with both spiders and butterflies.

Very informative piece of work.


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